1. The 1973 decision in United States v. Enmons held that union violence is exempted from the Hobbs Act, which makes it a federal crime to obstruct interstate commerce by robbery or extortion.
2. The 1914 Clayton Act exempts unions from anti-monopoly laws, enabling union officials to forcibly drive out independent or alternative employee bargaining groups.
3. The Federal Election Campaign Act exempts unions from its limits on campaign contributions and expenditures, as well as some of its reporting requirements.
4. The Norris-LaGuardia Act of 1932 (and state anti-injunction acts) give union activists immunity from injunctions against trespass on an employer’s property.
5. Unionized employees in the private sector have the right to strike without losing their jobs. In some cases, it is illegal for employers to hire replacement workers even to avert bankruptcy.
6. Union groups receive upwards of $160 million annually in direct federal grants.
7. Under project-labor agreements, governments (at all levels) award contracts for construction on major projects like highways, airports, and stadiums exclusively to unionized firms. Such practices effectively lock-out qualified contractors and employees who refuse to submit to exclusive union bargaining, forced union dues, and wasteful union work rules. Over $800 million in federal stimulus money that is earmarked for construction projects will likely be distributed only to those projects using project-labor agreements; meaning only to unionized construction companies.